Brain Injury Medicine (BIM) is an area of study, diagnosis and treatment. It involves assessing and treating disordered / impaired brain function due to a brain injury. Brain injuries can impact how well the brain functions including decision-making or dementia. Brain Injuries could be congenital or acquired (ABI – Acquired Brain Injury).
Acquired Brain Injuries include TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) or non-traumatic brain injuries (often referred to as ABI).
TBI is caused by an external force. Results may include alteration of brain function or other evidence of brain pathology. There are two primary mechanisms of injury; Traumatic Impact and Traumatic Inertial.
Non-traumatic brain injuries can be caused by, for example, lack of oxygen (the most common is a stroke), toxin toxic exposure, pressure from a tumor or another cause.
A brain injury may result in a variety of consequences, irrespective of the type.
Brain injuries can cause a range of psychiatric disorders, medical, physical, cognitive (learning, decision-making), even, sensory, and psychiatric disorders.
A brain injury can impact the one’s ability to work, learn and to relate to others. Severe brain injuries can have devastating psychosocial impacts.